Zabala a City of Old Sumer

Zabala (additionally Zabalam, present day Tell Ibzeikh, Dhi Qar Governorate, Iraq) was a city of old Sumer in what is currently the Dhi Qar governorate in Iraq. Zabala was at the intersection of the antiquated Iturungal and Ninagina waterways. The city’s divinity was Inanna of Zabala.


The primary notices of Zabala are in seals from the Jemdet Nasr period including a rundown of early locales – Ur, Nippur, Larsa, Uruk, Kes, and Zabalam. The most punctual authentic record, a bowl engraving, demonstrates that Zabala was under the control of Lugalzagesi of Lagash. In the Sargonic Period, Shar-kali-sharri and Naram-Sin both announced building a sanctuary to the goddess Inanna in Zabala and Rimush of Akkad reports Zabala as endeavoring to oppose the control of the Akkadian Empire. After the fall of Akkad, Zabala came into the circle of the city-territory of Isin as detailed by the year names of a few rulers including Itar-pisa and Ur-Ninurta. The town was later subject to Abisare of Larsa, who’s year name detailed the working of the “Most loved of Inanna of Zabalam” canal. During the Ur III period, Zabala was controlled by the Ur senator in Umma which was the capital of Umma Province. Cuneiform writings express that Hammurabi constructed Zabala’s sanctuary Ezi-Kalam-mama to the goddess Innana. The sanctuary of Inanna in Zabalam is the subject of song 26 in the sanctuary psalms of Enheduanna.

Prehistoric studies

Starting in the mid 1900s, a lot of illicit exhuming happened in Zabala. One of the most seasoned known surviving cases of composing was expelled from Zabala amid this period[6]. This action achieved another stature in the 1990s, at which time the Iraqi State Organization of Antiquities and Heritage seems to have approved an official removal, the first at the site. It isn’t evident that the outcomes were ever distributed. A further episode of archeological plundering at Zabala broke out after the 2003 War in Iraq.

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